In Oregon, a city or county may authorize an agency or official to order mandatory evacuations of residents and other individuals after a state of emergency is declared. An evacuation shall be ordered only when necessary for public safety or when necessary for the efficient conduct of activities that minimize or mitigate the effects of the emergency.
Although states have uncontested legal authority to make an evacuation mandatory, enforcement is nearly impossible. However, in Oregon, any person knowingly violating the rules relevant to mandatory evacuations, if discovered and pursued by the state, could be found guilty of a Class C misdemeanor.
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